The latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) cautions that humans and natural ecosystems are now pushed beyond their adaptation limits due to climate change. India is highly vulnerable and will need a transformational climate action that cuts across sectors and regions to reduce substantial economic losses and damage to lives and biodiversity. A transformational climate action would require political will and administrative implementation at all levels, from panchayats to state and national levels. We would need a collective effort involving citizens, institutions and infrastructural redesign to reduce the risks from extreme weather events like flooding, cyclones, sea-level rise, heatwaves and droughts.

The IPCC report says that vulnerability and inability to adapt are more in regions where unsustainable ocean and land use, inequity and marginalisation are large. It says that up to 3.6 billion people living in this context are threatened. This is true for most of South Asia, surrounded by rapidly changing seas and mountains.

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