Nov 09, 2021, 04:30AM ISTSource: ANI

A new study from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a centre supported by the ‘la Caixa’ Foundation, has found scientific evidence of the health benefits of well-designed urban planning. The study published in the journal ‘Environment International’ suggested that the built environment, green space, and air pollution can affect cognitive and motor function in children. The built environment, green space, and air pollution can affect cognitive and motor function in children. The Urban environment can influence neurodevelopment from conception onwards. Cognitive function (verbal and non-verbal abilities) and motor function (fine and gross motor functions) were assessed using validated tests when the children were four to five-year-old. Exposure to some built environment design factors, natural spaces, and air pollution was associated with children’s cognitive and motor function at five years of age. Higher exposure to greenness within 300 meters of the home during pregnancy was associated with higher verbal abilities. Greater connectivity (density of street intersections) and land-use diversity during pregnancy were associated with lower verbal abilities. Natural environments could have a beneficial effect on cognitive development by reducing the harmful effects of air pollution.





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